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When the country fails photo

 When the rulers do not want the power to change the rulers in the hands of the people, the rulers change the people. Then the election is held, but the vote is not. The chief guest (people) of that event became unwanted. Then the driving force of democracy, the people's representation itself, becomes obsolete. The people who have lost their right to vote can no longer be called the people as described in the constitution. What should these people do then? At an election rally in Thakurgaon last week, Mahmuda Begum, general secretary of the central women's Awami League, said, "What will those who have a love affair with a sheaf of rice do?" He will leave Thakurgaon on the 13th. I don't want to see them after the evening of the 13th. There is no need for them to come to the polls. 'Those who do not support a particular party are often threatened with deportation.

Laxmipur district Awami League general secretary Nur Uddin Chowdhury alias Nayan also explained how dangerous it is to vote as per one's choice. The Mahatma has publicly declared, "EVM is such a system, if someone votes outside the boat, it can be shaken ... how many votes have gone out of the boat, it can be shaken." They are not isolated, their words are not out of reality.

The Election Commission and their employer government know best what is happening. But most people have not been able to vote in any election in the last 10 years. People know that voting is not safe, that expressing one's opinion is suicidal. The news of the country is now known from the foreign media.

If there is no vote, dissent is considered invalid, then what is the work from the political party? Multiparty politics is the lifeblood of electoral democracy. If the election will not be, then what is the job of the political party? Whether the government party is busy with development money or not, the opposition party must have a motivation that if it works well, it will get the votes of the people. Closing that opportunity means banning politics without announcing it. This has been done by the military rulers in the past, now it is enough to wear civilian clothes.

No matter how much politics speaks of consciousness, at its core is the competition for power and the sharing of wealth. The main point of politics is how much income the state earns from taxes and other means and how it will be distributed. So the competition to collect votes means the competition to seize resources and opportunities. Another major task of politics is to decide for whom the door of economic advantage will be opened through state institutions.

So when elections are held in the language of one of the leaders of the ruling party without 'voting system', then politics becomes obsolete, state institutions become tools of the group. In this situation, the institutions start collapsing. Then the part of the society that wants to get a fair share of wealth and opportunities through the opposition parties is not only bankrupt, a large section of the people are also deprived. Then wealth accumulates in the hands of only one group, the gap between rich and poor widens, poverty and powerlessness leave people in a precarious position. Weak economic and political power then also failed to contribute to the economy. When disability and deprivation are synonymous, they have no power to do more than just survive. A country thus sinks in the quicksand of failure.

In 2012, the book Why Nations Fail: The Origins of Power, Prosperity and Poverty was published by economists Darren Essimgallu and James A. Robinson. By analyzing more than 300 researches on different countries of the world, they matched the sources of development of nations. They show that the cause of rise or fall of a country lies in the character of political and economic institutions. They compared two types of organizations, one is extractive, in other words exploitative. Another is inclusive. Exploitative institutions exclude the majority of people from the process of political policy-making and income distribution (through repression). In contrast, inclusive institutions operate with the aim of explaining their share by involving a larger section of society in the political and economic process. Selected organizations do this fairly well. If they fail to do so, the people remove them by voting.

Coordinating institutions survive through democracy, suffrage, freedom of expression, freedom of the press, and political activism. In a democratic environment, inclusive institutions protect the rights of the people so that the ruling elites do not establish monopoly control. In a word, sustainable development becomes impossible without multi-party democracy.

Some have spoken of a huge improvement in China's one-party rule. That is not entirely true. While the coordination at China's top leadership level is low, the impetus for economic reform comes from political institutions. The violence of the Cultural Revolution of the sixties ended with a political decision. Political institutions are a thorn in the side of corruption there. If China's economic development continues, political institutions will have to keep pace. So China cannot be our excuse. Apart from that, China's economy is productive, our current economy is much more assimilated. Debt default, bank robbery, asset laundering are his examples. Such exclusive corruption could not have continued without exclusive rule. The destruction of the electoral system is therefore not only a political accident, but also a cause of economic deprivation. Ambitious people then begin to think that survival is the only success.

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